The spine is made up of stacked bones called vertebrae. In between each of the vertebrae are soft cushions called discs that act as shock absorbers. Each disc has a spongy centre and a tough outer ring. There is a constant exchange of fluids in and out of the discs. While we sleep, the discs fill with fluid. During the day, as we stand and sit, the fluid is pushed out. Our movements such as sudden jerks, bending, or lifting heavy objects, and poor posture while sleeping or sitting, affect the size, shape, flexibility and health of our discs.
Despite the common term, discs do not slip or fall out, they tear, bulge and rupture. This causes the inside portion of the disc to put pressure on the nearby nerves. Whenever muscles fail to take the pressure and nerves come under pressure instead, the result is unbearable pain. The excruciating pain that results is diagnosed as a Slipped Disc.
A slipped disc in the lower back is most often seen between the ages of 30 and 50. In the cervical vertebrae around the neck, slipped discs are most often seen between the ages of 40 and 60.
- General wear and tear
- Jobs that require lifting
- Chronic back tiredness
- Loss of elasticity of the disks and supporting structures
- Excessive strain
- Sudden forceful acute trauma
- Poor posture
- Severe and unrelenting neck or low back pain
- Pains in the thighs, knees or feet
- Muscular weakness
- Affection of reflexes.
- Stretching or strengthening exercises
- Massage therapy
- Application of hot or cold packs.